Quasi In Situ and Operando Photochemistry

The connection of hybrid materials in ultrahigh vacuum to real systems is important if we are to bridge the pressure gap that exists in these two environments. Furthermore, changes to active sites or surface structure that occur while bridging this gap need to be understood in order to implement these materials into new technologies that take advantage of their properties. Post mortem analysis is also crucial to understand how the surface of this hybrid material is impacted after real operation conditions. Operando characterization with X-ray absorption, Raman, and Infrared spectroscopies will all be used to investigate the hybrid prior to, during, and after operation in real photoelectrochemical conditions.